We often get asked what a corn is, why you get them and what can you do to get rid of them. So here goes, here are all the answers!
The skin responds to the forces that are put through it in a very clever way. Areas of skin that get more pressure or rubbing develop thicker skin for protection. This is why babies’ feet are so soft and lovely and adult feet are not so! This is a normal physiological reaction.
However, if the forces or pressure are increased the amount of hard skin is increased. This is what we call a callus. It is hard skin that is pathological. It can be painful in it’s own right and can give rise to problems. A corn is a focal area of hard skin that is deeper and harder than the skin around it. It has a nucleus and can sometimes be seen as a circular lump in the skin. They are very common but they are painful. And there are different types of corns.
A hard corn, heloma durum, often occurs on the tops of the toes or under the foot. They can be anywhere from one to five millimetres in size.
A soft corn, heloma mole, occurs between the toes and is spongy and white.
A seed corn, heloma mille, often occurs in multiples on the sole of the feet or around the arch. They are quite small.
A Podiatrist can diagnose what type of corn they are and assess the pressures that have occurred to cause the corn.
One of the main treatments for corns is to gently remove the overlying hard skin with a sterile scalpel blade and the remove the core of the corn. This is generally painless but immediately cures the pain in many cases. It is not a DIY job though!
The more difficult job is to stop the corn from coming back. This involves dealing with this pressure that caused the corn in the first place. Badly fitting or inappropriate shoes can cause pressure on toes, arthritic joints can cause increased pressure from shoes and sometimes just your occupation can cause unusual pressure points. The Podiatrist will work out the best way to manage the problem.
However, the beauty with Podiatry is that the pain can be resolved quickly and often painlessly, so if your favourite shoes give you a corn and you want to keep wearing them, we can help you with that too!
What are you waiting for?
The Foot Room Longridge and Broughton offer outstanding Chiropody and Podiatry for the areas of Fulwood, Preston, Garstang and Whalley. We specialise in treatments for ingrowing toenails, fungal nails, verruca, corns and dry cracked heels. We do gait analysis and biomechanical assessments for sports injuries and orthotics as well as spa pedicures, warm wax treatments and nail painting.